Archive for the ‘1st Aid and Medical Preparedness’ Category

Welcome to the newest age of deadly viruses in modern society. It has been almost one hundred years since we have seen deadly virus has sweep through modern civilization leaving a swath of death in its wake. The last devastating virus that we as a society faced was the Flu Pandemic of 1918-1919 that infected nearly 500 million people with a mortality rate of almost 20%.

MSF health workers prepare at ELWA's isolation camp during the visit of Senior U.N. System Coordinator for Ebola David Nabarro, at the camp in Monrovia

Given the population at the time, the virus killed 40-50 million people in two short years. Today’s world population is roughly 7 Billion people, and if you take the 20% mortality rate, that means if the 1918 Flu pandemic where to occur today, 140,000,000 million people would lose their lives. Think about it what that means. 20% of the people you know today would be dead.

Ebola Virus

Ebola Virus

Now let’s look at the virus of today, Ebola. With all the misinformation that is out now about Ebola, let’s look at some facts:

Average Mortality Rate: 50%

High Mortality Rate: 90%

Low Mortality Rate: 25%

Confirmed Cases (up to 2013) 1,716

Major Know Outbreaks:

1976 Sudan: 284 Infected, 151 Dead

1976 Zaire: 318 Infected, 280 Dead

1995 Congo: 315 Infected, 254 Dead

2000 Uganda: 435 Infected, 224 Dead

2003 Congo: 143 Infected, 128 Dead

2007 Congo: 264 Infected, 187 Dead

2014 Africa: Unknown Infected, Unknown Dead

Normal Outbreak Region: Central to Western Central Africa

Ebloa History Map

Transmitted by body fluids. Person to Person Contact. Also believed to be transmitted from animal to human by handling or consuming contaminated animal meat, to include domesticated animals.

Initial Symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Chills
  • Weakness

Symptoms of Ebola

Later Symptoms:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea (may be bloody)
  • Red eyes
  • Raised rash
  • Chest pain and cough
  • Stomach pain
  • Severe weight loss
  • Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and bruising (people near death may bleed from other orifices, such as ears, nose and rectum)
  • Internal bleeding

Symptoms occur 2 to 21 days and average 8 to 10 days.

Proven to be easily transmitted from county to county via air travel.


However, there is some good news. If you do happen to be one of the unlucky people to contract and survive, you will have anti-bodies for approximately the next 10 years of your life. There are also several measures you can take to avoid contracting the disease. Let go over some of things you can do:

  • Practice careful hygiene
  • Wear protective clothing, including masks, gloves, gowns, and eye protection.
  • Practice proper infection control and sterilization measures.
  • Avoid direct contact with people